Dumping and Subsidies Investigations
Antidumping and countervailing duty cases can often reshape the competitive environment in an industry and can have profound effects on the companies involved. The remedies are sanctioned by agreements adopted by the World Trade Organization (WTO) and are available in more than 160 countries. In the United States, investigations of dumping and subsidization are conducted by the U.S. Department of Commerce (DOC), and the U.S. International Trade Commission (USITC) determines whether the dumping and subsidization are causing injury to the U.S. industry. These investigations take place within tight timeframes that overlap at critical junctures.
Wiley is one of the leading firms in trade remedy proceedings representing U.S. producers, and is among a limited number of practices that regularly serve as principal counsel for major unfair trade investigations. We have won complex and significant antidumping and countervailing duty cases on behalf of clients in a variety of industries, including clean energy technologies, steel, steel-containing products, aluminum, paper, and consumer products. We possess unmatched experience in metals and raw materials—we handle all trade litigation and trade policy for the largest producer of steel in the United States, and serve as counsel to the Rebar Trade Action Coalition, the Aluminum Extrusions Fair Trade Committee, and the Aluminum Extruders Council. As lead counsel for the Wind Tower Trade Coalition, SolarWorld Americas Inc., and the Coalition for American Solar Manufacturing, we handled the first U.S. antidumping and countervailing duty cases involving renewable energy. We have also handled significant investigations involving oil, energy tubulars, and nuclear fuels, giving us unique experience in energy-related trade issues. Our broad experience also extends to manufactured products and chemicals. For example, we represented the Association of American School Paper Suppliers in successfully petitioning the DOC to impose antidumping and countervailing duty margins on multiple countries for dumping and subsidizing lined paper school products.
Our Group has brought cases involving imports from numerous countries, including Argentina, Belarus, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, Korea, Latvia, Luxembourg, Mexico, Moldova, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Poland, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Slovakia, South Africa, Spain, Taiwan, Thailand, Trinidad and Tobago, Turkey, Ukraine, Venezuela, and Vietnam. Wiley is a leader in the growing field of countervailing duty cases involving China, having written three authoritative studies on the topic: “The China Syndrome,” “Money for Metal,” and “Raw Deal.” Wiley attorneys have also testified before the U.S. Trade Representative (USTR) and Organization for Economic Cooperation Development (OECD) with regard to China's compliance with WTO obligations and its government's subsidization of steel and other industries.
We provide both the technical expertise and judgment necessary for representing clients in today's environment. Our lawyers have the extensive technical experience that is a prerequisite for effective legal representation before the USITC and the DOC. In addition, many of our attorneys have served in various government agencies and understand how public relations activities and involvement from Congress, the Executive branch, and diplomatic channels can affect the outcome of an investigation. Our success in this area reflects our experience using all of these tools at the right time and place.
Section 201/Safeguards Investigations
Section 201, also known as safeguards, is another important remedy that is available to limit imports from all foreign sources that are a cause of serious injury to domestic producers. This remedy can be applied without consideration of the "unfairness" of import prices. The U.S. statute, Section 201, provides that the imports from all foreign sources must be a substantial cause of serious injury to the U.S. industry. Section 201 is inherently political in nature because the final decision on relief (usually in the form of tariffs or quotas) is made by the USTR, taking into account political as well as economic factors. Wiley served as lead counsel for much of the domestic steel industry in the 2001 global safeguards investigation, which was the largest safeguards case ever. We also represented the U.S. solar cell and module industry in its successful 2017 safeguards case – the first U.S. safeguards case brought in more than 15 years. Our success in these cases has been directly related to our ability to coordinate the legal, government relations, and public relations skills necessary for success.
- Antidumping and Countervailing Duties/Import Relief Proceedings
- Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS)
- Customs Law and Compliance
- Digital Trade
- Economic Sanctions/OFAC
- Export Controls
- Foreign Agents Registration Act (FARA)
- Foreign Corrupt Practices Act and Anti‑Corruption
- Foreign Ownership, Control or Influence (FOCI)
- Negotiations and Agreement Compliance
- Supply Chain and Transactional Support
- Team Telecom
- Trade Policy
- World Trade Organization (WTO)
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