U.S. Supreme Court Rules in Favor of States’ Authority Over Presidential Electors Through the Party System, as Urged by Wiley Attorneys
Washington, DC – Today, the U.S. Supreme Court unanimously rejected two challenges to the constitutionality of so-called “faithless elector” laws, as urged by Wiley attorneys on behalf of the Republican National Committee (RNC).
In a majority opinion authored by Justice Elena Kagan, the Court held that “a State may enforce an elector’s pledge to support their party’s nominee – and the state voters’ choice – for President.” The Court’s ruling also cited an April 8 RNC amicus brief that Wiley attorneys had filed in support of the states of Washington and Colorado, respectively, in Chiafalo v. Washington and Colorado Department of State v. Baca.
The Wiley brief – which was previously quoted by The Wall Street Journal Editorial Board – urged the Court to support States’ authority over Presidential electors through the party system. Wiley partner Michael E. Toner, chair of the firm’s Election Law & Government Ethics Practice, served as counsel of record on the brief. Mr. Toner authored and filed the brief for the RNC along with partners Lee E. Goodman and Stephen J. Obermeier and associates Jeremy J. Broggi and Boyd Garriott.
“Washington’s law,” Justice Kagan concluded in the 18-page ruling in Chiafalo v. Washington, “reflects a tradition more than two centuries old.” “In that practice, electors are not free agents; they are to vote for the candidate whom the State’s voters have chosen.” Relying in part on the RNC’s amicus brief, she found that “[t]he history going the opposite way is one of anomalies only.”
The Chiafalo v. Washington decision – which affirmed the judgment of the Washington Supreme Court – can be read here.
In a one-sentence per curiam opinion issued today, the Justices also reversed the Tenth Circuit ruling that invalidated Colorado’s faithless elector law “for the reasons stated in” Justice Kagan’s opinion in the Washington case.
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